On July 22, 2019, the President issued five Presidential Determinations (PDs) authorizing the use of Defense Production Act (DPA) Title III authorities to strengthen the domestic industrial base and supply chain for rare earth elements (REEs).
REEs and their value added components are used in many critical weapon systems, including precision guided munitions (PGMs), lasers, radar, sonar, night vision systems, jet engines, and armored vehicles. The five PDs address the domestic production capability for: light rare earth elements, heavy rare earth elements, rare earth metals and alloys, neodymium iron boron (NdFeB) rare earth permanent magnets, and samarium cobalt (SmCo) rare earth permanent magnets.
The REE supply chain is essential to national defense, and the Department is working with stakeholders to build its strength and resiliency. The PDs may be found at the following links:
Light Rare Earth Elements
Heavy Rare Earth Elements
Rare Earth Metals and Alloys
Neodymium Iron Boron Rare Earth Sintered Material and Permanent Magnets
Samarium Cobalt Rare Earth Permanent Magnets